Ladakh is a region and proposed union territory of India, located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. It is part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947. Contemporary Ladakh borders Tibet to the east, the Lahaul and Spiti regions to the south, the Vale of Kashmir, Jammu region and Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north. It extends from the Siachen Glacier in the Karakoram range to the main Great Himalayas to the south.In August 2019, the Parliament of India passed an act by which Ladakh will become a union territory on 31 October 2019
In the past Ladakh gained importance from its strategic location at the crossroads of important trade routes, but since the Chinese authorities closed the borders with Tibet and Central Asia in the 1960s, international trade has dwindled except for tourism. Since 1974, the Government of India has successfully encouraged tourism in Ladakh.